Die WHO hat auf der unlängst zu Ende gegangenen 65. World Health Assembly eine Resolution zu dem Thema verabschiedet. Darin heißt es (Hervorhebungen durch die Redaktion):
Untreated mental, neurological and substance use disorders exact a high toll, accounting for 13% of the total global burden of disease. Unipolar depressive disorder is the third leading cause of disease burden, accounting for 4.3% of the global burden of disease. The estimates for low- and middle-income countries are 3.2% and 5.1%, respectively. (...) When only the disability component is taken into consideration in the calculation of the burden of disease, mental disorders account for 25.3% and 33.5% of all years lived with a disability in low- and middle-income countries, respectively.
(...) Surveys among people affected by conflicts have found prevalence rates of 17% for depression and 15% for post-traumatic stress disorder – figures that are substantially higher than average prevalence rates in general populations. Other factors that increase peoples’ vulnerability or risk of developing mental health problems include poverty, exposure to domestic violence and abuse, and the presence of chronic disease.
The gap between the need for treatment for mental disorders and its provision is wide all over the world. For example, between 76% and 85% of people with severe mental disorders receive no treatment for their mental health problem in low- and middle-income countries; (...)