Montag, 5. Februar 2018

Handelskriege an der neuen Seidenstraße vermeiden

China will im Zuge der One Belt One Road Investitionen (OBOR / B&R) auch einen maßgeschneiderten Investitionsschutzmechanismus mit den dazu gehörigen Streitbeilegungsinstanzen etablieren. Das geht aus einem Beitrag in der Global Times hervor. Das Vorhaben wird als "extrem dringend" bezeichnet. In dem Text heißt es u.a.:
The existing dispute settlement regime cannot meet the increasing needs of the B&R. (...)
When it comes to the litigation mechanism, there are varied legal systems in economies along the B&R, (...) [These] include the Continental law system, the Anglo-American law system and the Islamic law system. Moreover, most of the economies involved are developing countries, where domestic legal systems are imperfect.(...)
As for arbitration and mediation, (...) [i]t can be expensive and time-consuming to resort to international arbitration institutions. The International Center for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) is one of the most important such institutions. But the average arbitration fee per case at the ICSID is about $500,000, which is unaffordable to most low-income countries along the B&R.
What's more, there is a lack of enforcement mechanisms for arbitration awards. (...)
Finally, because it is based on maritime law, the international arbitration system mainly deals with disputes on maritime trade. But B&R disputes are mostly land-based trade disputes.(...)
Der Beitrag schließt mit dem Hinweis:
China already has the capacity to build dispute settlement regimes and institutions. (...)
[A]s of 2017, China had established 11 free trade zones, which can serve as pilot sites for international arbitration institutions. In 2016, the Hong Kong International Arbitration Center settled in the China (Shanghai) Free Trade Zone. Meanwhile, the Shenzhen Court of International Arbitration has expanded its powers to include international dispute settlements between governments and enterprises.
MediaWatch ist gespannt, was Peking sich dazu einfallen lässt und wer alles mitmacht. 

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